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CsBaLaCePrNdPmSmEuGdTbDyHoErTmYbLuHfTaWReOsIrPtAuHgTlPbBiPoAtRn
FrRaAcThPaUNpPuAmCmBkCfEsFmMdNoLrRfDbSgBhHsMtDsRgCnUutUuqUupUuhUusUuo
Sodium     

Sodium

Atomic Weight 22.98977
Density 0.968 g/cm3
Melting Point 97.72 °C
Boiling Point 883 °C
Full technical data

These soft, silvery sodium chunks were cut with a knife and stored under oil. In air they turn white in seconds; exposed to water they generate hydrogen gas and explode in flaming balls of molten sodium.

Scroll down to see examples of Sodium.
The Elements book Mad Science book Periodic Table Poster  Click here to buy a book, photographic periodic table poster, card deck, or 3D print based on the images you see here!
Sodium Drain opener foaming

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Drain opener (foaming).
This is sodium hydroxide-based drain opener with a twist. See the little shavings? Those are probably either magnesium or aluminum, which will generate hydrogen gas when the sodium hydroxide is dissolved in water, creating a foaming action. At least, I think that's the idea.
Source: Farm & Fleet
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 28 June, 2009
Text Updated: 29 June, 2009
Price: $10
Size: 2"
Purity: 56%
Sodium Oxide crested sodium duck

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Oxide crested sodium duck.
Sodium duck with a pretty white oxide frosting on its head, from ExplosiveMetals.com.
Source: Alan Halls
Contributor: Alan Halls
Acquired: 22 April, 2009
Text Updated: 23 April, 2009
Price: Donated
Size: 3"
Purity: >98%
Sodium Sodium duck

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Sodium duck.
Ah, the internet, what would we do without it? Sodium ducks for crying out loud! Get yours at ExplosiveMetals.com. They must get really tired flying non-stop, but they're pretty motivated since if one of them ever landed on a lake, they would explode.
Source: Alan Halls
Contributor: Alan Halls
Acquired: 22 April, 2009
Text Updated: 23 April, 2009
Price: Donated
Size: 3"
Purity: >98%
Sodium Low-pressure sodium lamp

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Low-pressure sodium lamp.
This is a low-pressure sodium vapor lamp (the most efficient type, but gives off an unpleasant yellow light).
Source: eBay seller emmjane-ejc
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 21 April, 2009
Text Updated: 21 April, 2009
Price: $35
Size: 12"
Purity: <1%
Sodium Dual-arc bulb

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Dual-arc bulb.
This interesting bulb, meant for indoor plant growing operations, combines two different arc discharge tubes in one, to provide a wider spectrum of light than either type would alone. One is a high-pressure sodium arc, the other is a metal halide tube, probably containing scandium as a spectrum-enhancer.
Source: eBay seller garden_supply
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 2 April, 2009
Text Updated: 3 April, 2009
Price: $94
Size: 12"
Purity: <2%
Sodium Another sodium vapor lamp

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Another sodium vapor lamp.
USHIO LU 250 ED18 Light Bulb, 250W LU Series High Pressure Sodium Lamp
Source: Bulb Americal
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 2 April, 2009
Text Updated: 3 April, 2009
Price: $1
Size: 8"
Purity: <1%
Sodium Lye

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Lye.
Lye is the common name for sodium hydroxide.
Source: Grocery Store
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 28 March, 2009
Text Updated: 29 March, 2009
Price: $5
Size: 4"
Purity: 57%
Sodium High pressure sodium lamp

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High pressure sodium lamp.
Another common low-wattage (35W) high pressure sodium vapor lamp.
Source: Bulb Americal
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 11 March, 2009
Text Updated: 12 March, 2009
Price: $10
Size: 6"
Purity: <1%
The Elements book Mad Science book Periodic Table Poster  Click here to buy a book, photographic periodic table poster, card deck, or 3D print based on the images you see here!
Sodium High pressure sodium lamp

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High pressure sodium lamp.
A common low-wattage (35W) high pressure sodium vapor lamp.
Source: Bulb Americal
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 11 March, 2009
Text Updated: 12 March, 2009
Price: $10
Size: 6"
Purity: <1%
Sodium Engine valve

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Engine valve.
This is an engine valve from a high performance car engine. A 90 degree wedge of the valve stem has been machined away (using a solid tungsten carbide end mill under a flow of water-free, petroleum-based cutting fluid), showing the hollow channel and its contents of sodium metal.
The metal is solid now because the valve is cold, but because the melting point of sodium is quite low, it will liquefy as soon as the engine starts to warm up, and after that the sloshing of the liquid metal up and down in the hollow channel serves to transfer heat from the valve head (which is in contact with the exploding fuel in the cylinder) to the valve stem, which in turn transfers the heat further out of the engine.
In this photograph the sodium is just slightly oxidized from exposure to the air, but when freshly cut under oil, it was bright, indicating a fairly high degree of purity. And when I dumped the collected metal chips (carefully) into a cup of water, they sizzled and popped, confirming that the contents of the channel really are sodium metal.
After I finished taking pictures of this sample, I left it alone for the Thanksgiving long weekend, after which the sodium had oxidized further. It still had a coating of oil, and the air was quite dry, otherwise it would probably have converted entirely to oxide by then (sodium is extremely hygroscopic, and even with the oil and dry air, there was a good bit of highly alkaline liquid around the remaining metal).
To make the sample safe, I needed to clean out the remaining sodium, which I decided to do by slowly exposing it to drops of water over the kitchen sink. This was not a good idea. Actually, I did pretty well with the valve itself, after I had used a fork to dig out most of the sodium: It sizzled quite a bit and the valve stem got warm, but I never let it get hot enough to actually catch the evolved hydrogen on fire.
The problem originated with the few small clumps of sodium I took out with the fork. I put them on a paper towel, which was kind of dumb. Then I decided it was such a small amount, I would just run water over the towel and let them fizzle out. Needless to say, the paper towel caught fire and blobs (small ones, I should say in my defense) of flaming sodium popped in all directions including falling into the drain, where they made ominous echoing sounds as they filled the drain hole with smoke.
OK, I admit it, I set the kitchen on fire with sodium. I, of all people, should know better! But it wasn't very much fire, and you are not going to tell my wife where the scorch marks on the floor mat came from. If you have any doubt that engine valves can actually contain sodium metal, let me assure you, they can.
Source: Nick Brandenburg
Contributor: Nick Brandenburg
Acquired: 10 August, 2005
Text Updated: 29 January, 2009
Price: Donated
Size: 5"
Purity: >98%
Sodium Engine valve

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Engine valve.
Liquid sodium metal is used in certain nuclear reactor designs as a cooling fluid, because it is very effective at transferring large amounts of heat from one place to another. Personally I'd rather have something a bit less violently explosive as the cooling fluid in my nuclear reactor, but so far as I know there haven't been any major accidents attributed to its use.
This object, which also uses liquid sodium metal for cooling, is not from a nuclear reactor. Is is a valve from a high-performance car engine, and it uses the sodium to transfer heat away from the valve head (which is in contact with the exploding fuel in the cylinder). This particular value has been broken in half to extract the sodium: You can see the hollow stem where the sodium was.
Look at the next sample down to see more clearly how this channel works.
Source: Nick Brandenburg
Contributor: Nick Brandenburg
Acquired: 10 August, 2005
Price: Donated
Size: 5"
Purity: 0%
Sodium Cut cubes under oil

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Cut cubes under oil.
This is a sample I prepared specifically for a film project, to make a 360-frame rotation image. It's ordinary scrap sodium from my anonymous supplier, but this piece has been carefully cut under oil to reveal a shiny surface. Because the vial it's in is not flame-sealed, oxygen will eventually works its way in and the sample will become oxidized. But for my purposes, as long as it stayed shiny for half an hour that's all I needed.

I chose this sample to represent its element in my Photographic Periodic Table Poster. The sample photograph includes text exactly as it appears in the poster, which you are encouraged to buy a copy of.
Periodic Table Poster

Source: Anonymous
Contributor: Anonymous
Acquired: 12 May, 2005
Text Updated: 8 December, 2007
Price: Donated
Size: 1"
Purity: 99.9%
Sodium Molten blobs under argon

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Molten blobs under argon.
Ampouling sodium in a clean and dry enough environment to keep it shiny is difficult. This sample demonstrates great skill in its ampouling, especially since it was done using only "the simplest methods", according to the source.
Source: Frank Liebscher
Contributor: Frank Liebscher
Acquired: 28 January, 2004
Price: Donated
Size: 3"
Purity: 99.9%
Sodium Hollow cathode lamp

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Hollow cathode lamp.
Lamps like this are available for a very wide range of elements: Click the Sample Group link below to get a list of all the elements I have lamps like this for. They are used as light sources for atomic absorption spectrometers, which detect the presence of elements by seeing whether a sample absorbs the very specific wavelengths of light associated with the electronic transitions of the given element. The lamp uses an electric arc to stimulate the element it contains to emit its characteristic wavelengths of light: The same electronic transitions are responsible for emission and absorption, so the wavelengths are the same.
In theory, each different lamp should produce a different color of light characteristic of its element. Unfortunately, the lamps all use neon as a carrier gas: You generally have to have such a carrier gas present to maintain the electric arc. Neon emits a number of very strong orange-red lines that overwhelm the color of the specific element. In a spectrometer this is no problem because you just use a prism or diffraction grating to separate the light into a spectrum, then block out the neon lines. But it does mean that they all look pretty much the same color to the naked eye.
I've listed the price of all the lamps as $20, but that's really just a rough average: I paid varying amounts at various eBay auctions for these lamps, which list for a lot more from an instrument supplier.
(Truth in photography: These lamps all look alike. I have just duplicated a photo of one of them to use for all of them, because they really do look exactly the same regardless of what element is inside. The ones listed are all ones I actually have in the collection.)
Source: eBay seller heruur
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 24 December, 2003
Price: $20
Size: 8"
Purity: 99.9%
Sample Group: Atomic Emission Lamps
Sodium High pressure sodium vapor bulb

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High pressure sodium vapor bulb.
The most efficient currently available light sources are arc-discharge lights. The most efficient of all are low-pressure sodium vapor bulbs, but they give a very strongly yellow light that most people don't much like, perhaps because it makes everyone look dead. High pressure sodium lights improve the color somewhat, though they are still distinctly yellow.
This high pressure sodium bulb is sold as a "grow lamp" which means it has a spectrum well suited to encouraging plants to grow. At 1000W, this bulb is large enough to encourage a lot of growing!
This bulb is displayed in my Bulb Stand.
Source: Auction
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 28 November, 2003
Price: $1
Size: 12"
Purity: <1%
Sample Group: Light Bulbs
Sodium Chips under argon

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Chips under argon.
Greg thought I since I have such a big page about sodium, I should actually have some *shiny* sodium, not oxidized stuff under oil. So he sent a nice pair of vials with bright sodium under argon. Nice guy, eh? He sells lots of very unusual elements on eBay and elsewhere: Check the Source link for details.
Source: Greg P
Contributor: Greg P
Acquired: 1 May, 2003
Price: Donated
Size: 1"
Purity: 99.9%
Sodium Sample from the Everest Set

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Sample from the Everest Set.
Up until the early 1990's a company in Russia sold a periodic table collection with element samples. At some point their American distributor sold off the remaining stock to a man who is now selling them on eBay. The samples (except gases) weigh about 0.25 grams each, and the whole set comes in a very nice wooden box with a printed periodic table in the lid.

To learn more about the set you can visit my page about element collecting for a general description and information about how to buy one, or you can see photographs of all the samples from the set displayed on my website in a periodic table layout or with bigger pictures in numerical order.

Source: Rob Accurso
Contributor: Rob Accurso
Acquired: 7 February, 2003
Text Updated: 20 November, 2008
Price: Donated
Size: 0.2"
Purity: >99%
Sodium Sample from the RGB Set

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Sample from the RGB Set.
The Red Green and Blue company in England sells a very nice element collection in several versions. Max Whitby, the director of the company, very kindly donated a complete set to the periodic table table.

To learn more about the set you can visit my page about element collecting for a general description or the company's website which includes many photographs and pricing details. I have two photographs of each sample from the set: One taken by me and one from the company. You can see photographs of all the samples displayed in a periodic table format: my pictures or their pictures. Or you can see both side-by-side with bigger pictures in numerical order.

The picture on the left was taken by me. Here is the company's version (there is some variation between sets, so the pictures sometimes show different variations of the samples):


Source: Max Whitby of RGB
Contributor: Max Whitby of RGB
Acquired: 25 January, 2003
Text Updated: 11 August, 2007
Price: Donated
Size: 0.2"
Purity: 99%
The Elements book Mad Science book Periodic Table Poster  Click here to buy a book, photographic periodic table poster, card deck, or 3D print based on the images you see here!
Sodium Heck-of-a-lump

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Heck-of-a-lump.
This is an alarming three and a half pounds of sodium metal in a glass desiccator. The sodium is from eBay and the desiccator is from the Bridgestone/Firestone plant closing auction (the one caused by those faulty tires in 2001). I've briefly removed the lid to take this picture, and used a chisel to make a fresh cut into the metal (which is extremely soft). The cut is at the top right of the picture: It would normally be shiny, but it is so humid here in the summer that it oxidized to white even though I took this picture within five seconds of making the cut. Hence the need for a desiccator (with silica gel desiccant) to store it for any length of time, and even then I'm careful to leave the stopper in loose to relieve gas pressure that could build up from any moisture that remains.

The sound and video for this sample were made during my Sodium Party in the fall of 2002. During this event we dropped about 2 pounds of it, in chunks ranging from 50 grams to 175 grams, into various containers of water. It looked something like this:


Click the story book icon for this sample to read all about the party, and see videos of the many and varied ways in which sodium can explode.

This sodium is too dangerous to keep in the office with the table, and I wouldn't even want to have this much of it around in my shop: If it were to, for example, fall and break on a day when the shop floor has flooded,which happens from time to time, it could easily cause an explosion that would shatter the shop windows. That's another reason for throwing most of this enormous sample into water sometime soon: It's about the only way to make it safe.

Source: eBay seller hoofcure
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 27 August, 2002
Price: $100
Size: 8"
Purity: >95%
Sodium Lump,  99.95%

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Lump, 99.95%.
Kindly donated by David Franco, who sent many elements after seeing the slashdot discussion, and this one after I sent him some Mathematica t-shirts.
Source: David Franco
Contributor: David Franco
Acquired: 11 June, 2002
Price: Donated
Size: 0.5"
Purity: 99.95%
Sodium Himalayan sea salt

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Himalayan sea salt.
There is a list of 84 elements that seems to pop up repeatedly in the ingredient lists of "natural" mineral products, supplements, pills, and the like. Even, it turns out, in salt. Here then is the list of minerals claimed to be found in all-natural organic Himalayan sea salt:
hydrogen, lithium, beryllium, boron, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, fluoride, sodium, magnesium, aluminum, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur, chloride, calcium, scandium, titanium, vanadium, chromium, manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel, copper, zinc, gallium, germanium, arsenic, selenium, bromine, rubidium, strontium, yttrium, zirconium, niobium, molybdenum, ruthenium, rhodium palladium, silver, cadmium, indium, tin, antimony, tellurium, iodine, cesium, barium, lanthanum, cerium, praseodymium, samarium, europium, gadolinium, terbium, dysprosium, holmium, erbium, thulium, ytterbium, lutetium, hafnium, tantalum, tungsten, rhenium, osmium, iridium, platinum, gold, mercury, thallium, lead, bismuth, polonium, astatine, francium, radium, actinium, thorium, protactinium, uranium, neptunium and plutonium.
I wish someone would tell these people that, for example, neptunium and plutonium do not occur in nature at all, let alone in salt. Unless, I suppose, if you count nuclear fallout as a "natural" source of ingredients.
What bothers me most is what this says about the level of scientific literacy, both of the people selling the stuff, and the people buying it. Does no one actually read the list? Or do they read it an not realize how preposterous it is? It's enough to make you despair for the future of mankind.
Pretty salt, though.
Source: eBay seller saltwonders
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 28 March, 2009
Text Updated: 4 April, 2009
Price: $15
Size: 0.25"
Composition: NaClSbCsDyErEuGdHfHoInLaLuNdPrSmScThTlTeTbTmYbY
Sodium Salt from Death Valley

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Salt from Death Valley.
You're not supposed to take salt from Death Valley, it's a national park. First name only on the source. Tastes very salty, yuck!
Source: Kat
Contributor: Kat
Acquired: 2 April, 2009
Text Updated: 3 April, 2009
Price: Donated
Size: 4"
Composition: NaCl
Sodium Himalayan salt lamp

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Himalayan salt lamp.
A pretty hollow lamp made of solid rock salt from the Himalays. The composition I list is a partial list of the elements claimed to be in this type of salt (see my other Himalayan sea salt sample for a discussion of how silly this is).
Source: eBay seller saltwonders
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 28 March, 2009
Text Updated: 3 April, 2009
Price: $29
Size: 8"
Composition: NaClSbCsDyErEuGdHfHoInLaLuNdPrSmScThTlTeTbTmYbY
The Elements book Mad Science book Periodic Table Poster  Click here to buy a book, photographic periodic table poster, card deck, or 3D print based on the images you see here!
Sodium Magnesium-fortified horse salt brick

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Magnesium-fortified horse salt brick.
A block of salt fortified with 3% magnesium, for horses to lick.
Source: Farm & Fleet
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 28 March, 2009
Text Updated: 29 March, 2009
Price: $1
Size: 6"
Composition: NaClMg
Sodium Horse salt brick

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Horse salt brick.
A pure (at least 96% according to the label) block of salt for horses to lick.
Source: Farm & Fleet
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 28 March, 2009
Text Updated: 29 March, 2009
Price: $1
Size: 6"
Composition: NaCl
Sodium Bacon Lance

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Bacon Lance.
No comment. Yet.
Source: Theodore Gray
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 11 March, 2009
Text Updated: 12 March, 2009
Price: $10
Size: 6"
Composition: CHONaCl
Sodium 50 pound salt block

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50 pound salt block.
This 50 pound block of salt cost $4.99. That's right, 10 cents a pound retail for something once so valuable that the very word salary derives from it. In solid block form salt like this is meant for licking by cattle. It's called a salt lick and you get them at farm supply stores.
Source: Farm & Fleet
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 28 February, 2009
Text Updated: 1 March, 2009
Price: $5
Size: 12"
Composition: NaCl
Sodium Halite and Borax mixed crystal

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Halite and Borax mixed crystal.
This is an attractive crystal of halite (basically salt) and borax (sodium borate) from the Rhodes salt marsh in Nevada.
Source: eBay seller ilickrocks
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 8 February, 2009
Text Updated: 8 February, 2009
Price: $5
Size: 1.5"
Composition: NaCl + Na2B4O7\[CenterDot]10H2O
The Elements book Mad Science book Periodic Table Poster  Click here to buy a book, photographic periodic table poster, card deck, or 3D print based on the images you see here!
Sodium Halite

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Halite.
Description from the source:
Halite (Na Cl cub.), Stassfurt, Germany. Interesting deformed cube, from a very old collection. 3,2x1,4x0,5 cm; 5 g.
Source: Simone Citon
Contributor: John Gray
Acquired: 28 January, 2009
Text Updated: 29 January, 2009
Price: Trade
Size: 1.25"
Composition: NaCl
Sodium Elbaite

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Elbaite.
Description from the source:
Elbaite (Na (Li Al)3 Al6 (BO3)3 Si6 O18 (OH)4 trig.), Minas Gerais, Brazil. Isolated, terminated crystal with rare pink-orange color. 2,3x0,8x0,8 cm; 4 g.
Source: Simone Citon
Contributor: John Gray
Acquired: 28 January, 2009
Text Updated: 29 January, 2009
Price: Trade
Size: 1"
Composition: Na(LiAl)3Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)4
Sodium Ulexite.

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Ulexite.
Description from the source:
Ulexite (Na Ca B5 O6 (OH)6x5 H2O tric.), Boron, California, USA. When viewed parallel to the fibers, Ulexite transmits light in a similar fashion to fiber optics. 3,2x1,5x1 cm; 8 g.
Source: Simone Citon
Contributor: John Gray
Acquired: 27 December, 2008
Text Updated: 28 December, 2008
Price: Trade
Size: 1.25"
Composition: NaCaB5O6(OH)6.5(H2O)
Sodium Pollucite

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Pollucite.
Description from the source:
Pollucite ((Cs Na)2 Al2 Si4 O12 x H2O cub.), Bennet Quarry, Maine, USA. Pink, massive. 4,5x2,5x1,5 cm; 20 g.
Source: Simone Citon
Contributor: John Gray
Acquired: 27 December, 2008
Text Updated: 28 December, 2008
Price: Trade
Size: 1.75"
Composition: (CsNa)2Al2Si4O12.H2O
Sodium Stilbite

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Stilbite.
Description from the source:
Ca-Stilbite (Na Ca4 (Al9 Si27 O72)x nH2O mon.), Poona, Jalgaon, Maharashtra, India. White crystal cluster with pulverulent Laumontite. 3,5x1,3x1,3 cm; 5 g.
Source: Simone Citon
Contributor: John Gray
Acquired: 27 December, 2008
Text Updated: 28 December, 2008
Price: Trade
Size: 1.4"
Composition: NaCa4(Al9Si27O72).H2O
The Elements book Mad Science book Periodic Table Poster  Click here to buy a book, photographic periodic table poster, card deck, or 3D print based on the images you see here!
Sodium Photo Card Deck of the Elements

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Photo Card Deck of the Elements.
In late 2006 I published a photo periodic table and it's been selling well enough to encourage me to make new products. This one is a particularly neat one: A complete card deck of the elements with one big five-inch (12.7cm) square card for every element. If you like this site and all the pictures on it, you'll love this card deck. And of course if you're wondering what pays for all the pictures and the internet bandwidth to let you look at them, the answer is people buying my posters and cards decks. Hint hint.
Source: Theodore Gray
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 19 November, 2008
Text Updated: 21 November, 2008
Price: $35
Size: 5"
Composition: HHeLiBeBCNOFNeNaMg AlSiPSClArKCaScTiVCrMn FeCoNiCuZnGaGeAsSeBrKr RbSrYZrNbMoTcRuRhPdAg CdInSnSbTeIXeCsBaLaCePr NdPmSmEuGdTbDyHoErTm YbLuHfTaWReOsIrPtAuHgTl PbBiPoAtRnFrRaAcThPaUNp PuAmCmBkCfEsFmMdNoLrRf DbSgBhHsMtDsRgUubUutUuq UupUuhUusUuo
Sodium Glauberite

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Glauberite.
Description from the source:
Glauberite (Na2 Ca (SO4)2 mon.), Camp Verde District, Yavapai Co., Arizona, USA. Classic crystal cluster, usually alterated in Gips. 3,7x2,5x2 cm; 5 g.
Source: Simone Citon
Contributor: John Gray
Acquired: 30 October, 2008
Text Updated: 31 October, 2008
Price: Trade
Size: 1.5"
Composition: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Sodium Elbaite

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Elbaite.
Description from the source:
Elbaite (Na (Li Al)3 Al6 (BO3)3 Si6 O18 (OH)4 trig.), Stak Nala, Haramosh, Skardu, Baltistan, Pakistan. Fascicular crystals on matrix. 4x2,5x1,5 cm; 12 g.
Source: Simone Citon
Contributor: John Gray
Acquired: 30 October, 2008
Text Updated: 31 October, 2008
Price: Trade
Size: 1.5"
Composition: Na(LiAl)3Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)4
Sodium Pollucite from Jensan Set

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Pollucite from Jensan Set.
This sample represents cesium in the "The Grand Tour of the Periodic Table" mineral collection from Jensan Scientifics. Visit my page about element collecting for a general description, or see photographs of all the samples from the set in a periodic table layout or with bigger pictures in numerical order.
Source: Jensan Scientifics
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 30 October, 2008
Text Updated: 31 October, 2008
Price: Anonymous
Size: 1"
Composition: (Cs,Na)2[Al2Si4O12].2H2O
Sodium Pyrochlore from Jensan Set

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Pyrochlore from Jensan Set.
This sample represents niobium in the "The Grand Tour of the Periodic Table" mineral collection from Jensan Scientifics. Visit my page about element collecting for a general description, or see photographs of all the samples from the set in a periodic table layout or with bigger pictures in numerical order.
Source: Jensan Scientifics
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 30 October, 2008
Text Updated: 31 October, 2008
Price: Anonymous
Size: 1"
Composition: (Ca,Na)2Nb2O6(OH,F)
The Elements book Mad Science book Periodic Table Poster  Click here to buy a book, photographic periodic table poster, card deck, or 3D print based on the images you see here!
Sodium Eudialyte from Jensan Set

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Eudialyte from Jensan Set.
This sample represents zirconium in the "The Grand Tour of the Periodic Table" mineral collection from Jensan Scientifics. Visit my page about element collecting for a general description, or see photographs of all the samples from the set in a periodic table layout or with bigger pictures in numerical order.
Source: Jensan Scientifics
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 29 October, 2008
Text Updated: 29 October, 2008
Price: Anonymous
Size: 1"
Composition: Na15Ca6(FeMn)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Sodium Borosilicate glass Medallion

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Borosilicate glass Medallion.
I made this medallion for an article in my Popular Science column, using a charcoal grill to melt old borosilicate test tubes down and press them into a graphite mold.
Source: Theodore Gray
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 26 October, 2008
Text Updated: 16 April, 2009
Price: $1
Size: 2.5"
Composition: SiO2+Na2[B4O5(OH)4]
Sodium Soda-lime glass Medallion

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Soda-lime glass Medallion.
I made this medallion for an article in my Popular Science column, using a charcoal grill to melt the ingredients (silica sand, washing soda and limestone) together into soda-lime glass. Once melted I pressed the glass (darkened by ashes from the fire) into a graphite mold I had machined and heated in the fire.
Source: Theodore Gray
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 26 October, 2008
Text Updated: 26 October, 2008
Price: $1
Size: 2.5"
Composition: SiO2+Na2CO3+CaCO3
Sodium Sulphohalite

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Sulphohalite.
Description from the source:
Sulphohalite ( Na6 (SO4)2 F Cl cub.), Searles Lake, California, USA. Perfect octahedral crystal, much better than the photo, rare. 2x1,8x1,5 cm; 12 g with box.
Source: Simone Citon
Contributor: John Gray
Acquired: 26 October, 2008
Text Updated: 26 October, 2008
Price: Trade
Size: 0.75"
Composition: Na6(SO4)2FCl
Sodium Eudyalite

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Eudyalite.
Description from the source:
Eudyalite (Na4(CaCe)2(Fe+2Mn+2Y+ZrSi8O22(OHCl)2 trig.), Kipawa Alcalyne Complex, Villedieu Tow., Quebec, Canada. Red, granular, with white fibrous Agrellite and beige Vlasovite. A rich thumbnail. 2,2x1,7x1 cm; 5 g.
Source: Simone Citon
Contributor: John Gray
Acquired: 26 September, 2008
Text Updated: 28 September, 2008
Price: Trade
Size: 0.85"
Composition: Na4(CaCe)2(Fe,2Mn,2Y).ZrSi8O22(OHCl)2
The Elements book Mad Science book Periodic Table Poster  Click here to buy a book, photographic periodic table poster, card deck, or 3D print based on the images you see here!
Sodium Riebeckite asbestos

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Riebeckite asbestos.

See above Actinolite sample for an extended discussion of asbestos, mesothelioma, lawyers, and litigation.

Mineral details: Riebeckite (variety Crocidolite), amphibole group, double-chain silicate. From the Greek krokid ("nap on woolen cloth"). Kuruman, Northern Cape Province, South Africa.

Source: eBay seller star-stuff
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 10 April, 2006
Text Updated: 30 May, 2006
Price: $30
Size: 2"
Composition: Na2Fe2(FeMg)3Si8O22(OH)2
Sodium Tourmaline Dravite variant

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Tourmaline (Dravite variant).
I'm not sure why I have this mineral: I think it may have been a free sample included with some other mineral purchase. Lovely, though of relatively undistinguished chemical composition.
Source: Theodore Gray
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 20 September, 2005
Price: Donated
Size: 1"
Composition: NaMg3Al6(BO3)3[Si6O18](OH)3(OH)
Sodium Vicanite

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Vicanite.
This small mineral is from the Vica Complex, Tre Croci, Italy, says the label. I bought it for its thorium content.
Source: eBay seller ley646
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 20 September, 2005
Price: $15.50
Size: 0.5"
Composition: (Ca, Ce, La, Th)15As(AsNa)FeSi6B4O40F7
Sodium Boltwoodite

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Boltwoodite.
I think it's the yellow crystals on this rock that are the actual Boltwoodite: I have no idea what the rest is.
Source: SoCal (Nevada), Inc
Contributor: Theodore Gray
Acquired: 3 June, 2005
Price: $28
Size: 1.5"
Composition: (K+Na)[(UO2)(SiO3OH)](H2O)1.5
Sodium Halite from Jensan Set

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Halite from Jensan Set.
This sample represents chlorine in the "The Grand Tour of the Periodic Table" mineral collection from Jensan Scientifics. Visit my page about element collecting for a general description, or see photographs of all the samples from the set in a periodic table layout or with bigger pictures in numerical order.
Source: Jensan Scientifics
Contributor: Jensan Scientifics
Acquired: 17 March, 2003
Price: Donated
Size: 1"
Composition: NaCl
The Elements book Mad Science book Periodic Table Poster  Click here to buy a book, photographic periodic table poster, card deck, or 3D print based on the images you see here!
Sodium Sodalite from Jensan Set

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Sodalite from Jensan Set.
This sample represents sodium in the "The Grand Tour of the Periodic Table" mineral collection from Jensan Scientifics. Visit my page about element collecting for a general description, or see photographs of all the samples from the set in a periodic table layout or with bigger pictures in numerical order.
Source: Jensan Scientifics
Contributor: Jensan Scientifics
Acquired: 17 March, 2003
Price: Donated
Size: 1"
Composition: Na4Al3Si3O12Cl
Sodium Nitratine from Jensan Set

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Nitratine from Jensan Set.
This sample represents nitrogen in the "The Grand Tour of the Periodic Table" mineral collection from Jensan Scientifics. Visit my page about element collecting for a general description, or see photographs of all the samples from the set in a periodic table layout or with bigger pictures in numerical order.
Source: Jensan Scientifics
Contributor: Jensan Scientifics
Acquired: 17 March, 2003
Price: Donated
Size: 1"
Composition: NaNO3
Sodium Ulexite from Jensan Set

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Ulexite from Jensan Set.
This sample represents boron in the "The Grand Tour of the Periodic Table" mineral collection from Jensan Scientifics. Visit my page about element collecting for a general description, or see photographs of all the samples from the set in a periodic table layout or with bigger pictures in numerical order.
Source: Jensan Scientifics
Contributor: Jensan Scientifics
Acquired: 17 March, 2003
Price: Donated
Size: 1"
Composition: NaCaB5O6(OH)6.5H2O
The Elements book Mad Science book Periodic Table Poster  Click here to buy a book, photographic periodic table poster, card deck, or 3D print based on the images you see here!